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자료유형 : 연구보고[원문]
서명 / 저자 : 위성영상과 AI를 활용한 북한산림정보 구축 방법 개발 / 김경민, 임중빈, 김은희, 양아람, 김서린, 박진우, 박주원
개인저자 : 김경민
임중빈
김은희
양아람
김서린
박진우
박주원
발행사항 : 서울 : 국립산림과학원, 2020.
형태사항 : >175 p. : 도표 ; 26 cm
총서사항 : 연구보고 ; 20-1
ISBN : 9791160193817
청구기호 : 634.9072 오73 20-1
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위성영상과 AI를 활용한 북한산림정보 구축 방법 개발 QR Code
 

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관계정보

부가정보

Ⅰ. 서 론 / 1
Ⅱ. 북한 산림실태조사(2018) 및 북한 산림변화(1970~2018) / 5
1. 개요 ··················································································································7
2. 연구재료 및 방법 ······························································································8
가. 연구 대상지 ··············································································································8
(1) 북한 전역 ·············································································································8
(2) 북측 DMZ 일대 ····································································································9
(3) 북중 및 남북접경지역 ···························································································9
나. 사용자료 ················································································································10
다. 연구방법 ················································································································14
(1) 북한산림실태조사(2018) ···················································································14
(2) 북한 DMZ 일대 산림변화분석(1999~2018) ·····················································24
(3) 북한 산림 면적분석(1970’s) ·············································································24
3. 북한 산림변화분석 결과(1970~2018) ···························································28
가. 2018 북한 산림실태 현황 ······················································································28
(1) 북한 전역 및 행정구역별 산림현황 ·····································································28
(2) 입목지 현황 ········································································································30
(3) 북한 산림황폐지 현황 ·························································································32
(4) 입목지 증가원인 분석 ·························································································38
나. 북한 DMZ 일대 산림변화분석 결과(1999~2018) ················································51
(1) 북한 DMZ 일대 행정구역별 산림변화 ································································51
(2) DMZ 일대 우선복구대상지 분석 ········································································53
다. 1970’s 북한 산림경계추출 및 면적 분석 결과 ······················································54
(1) 영상분류 ············································································································54
4. 소결 ················································································································58
Ⅲ. 위성영상과 AI를 활용한 북한 임상도 제작방법 개발 – 수종분류 / 59
1. 개요 ················································································································61
2. 위성분광정보 기반 2개 수종 분류 알고리즘 개발 ···········································62
가. 연구 대상지 및 사용자료 ························································································62
나. 연구방법 ················································································································64
(1) 수종별 분광분리도 분석 ·····················································································65
(2) 광릉숲 지역 머신러닝 수종분류 알고리즘 개발 ··················································66
(3) 백두산 지역 머신러닝 수종분류 알고리즘 적용 ··················································66
다. 분석 결과 및 고찰 ··································································································67
(1) 두 지역의 소나무와 잣나무의 위성영상분광정보 비교 ········································67
(2) 광릉숲 지역 머신러닝 수종분류 알고리즘 적용결과 ···········································68
(3) 백두산 대상 머신러닝 수종분류 알고리즘 적용결과 ···········································71
라. 소결 ·······················································································································72
3. 위성 분광, 질감 및 생육환경정보 기반 5개 수종 분류 알고리즘 개발 ·············73
가. 연구 대상지 및 사용자료 ························································································73
(1) 연구 대상지 ········································································································73
(2) 사용자료 ············································································································74
나. 연구방법 ················································································································74
(1) 수종별 분광 분리도 평가 ····················································································76
(2) 수종별 수관 질감정보 추출 ················································································76
(3) 수종별 생육환경 정보 추출 ················································································77
(4) 수종 분류 알고리즘 개발 ····················································································78
다. 분석 결과 및 고찰 ··································································································78
(1) 분광 특성 및 분리도 평가 결과 ···········································································78
(2) 수관 질감 분석 결과 ···························································································80
(3) 생육 환경정보 비교 결과 ····················································································84
(4) 수종 분류 결과 ···································································································87
라. 소결 ·······················································································································91
Ⅳ. 위성영상과 AI를 활용한 북한 임상도 제작방법 개발 – 임분고 / 93
1. 개요 ················································································································95
2. 위성영상 포인트클라우드 기반 임분고 분석 ···················································96
가. 연구 대상지 및 사용자료 ························································································96
나. 연구방법 ················································································································97
(1) 위성영상 기반 DSM 및 DTM 제작 ····································································97
(2) DTM 정확도 평가 ····························································································102
(3) nDSM 기반 개체목 수고 정확도 평가 ·····························································104
다. 분석결과 및 고찰 ·································································································104
(1) 위성영상 기반 DSM 및 DTM 제작결과 ···························································104
(2) DTM 정확도 평가결과 ·····················································································105
(3) nDSM 기반 개체목 수고 정확도 평가결과 ······················································105
3. 남북 통합 임상도 시범제작 ···········································································107
가. 연구 대상지 및 사용자료 ·····················································································107
나. 연구방법 ··············································································································107
(1) 위성분광, 질감 및 생육환경정보 기반 수종분류 ···············································107
(2) 위성영상 nDSM 기반 임분고 분석 ··································································107
다. 연구결과 및 고찰 ·································································································108
(1) 수종분류결과 ···································································································108
(2) 임분고 분석결과 ······························································································111
라. 소결 ·····················································································································112
Ⅴ. 남북한 산림정보활용과 한반도 Forest Atlas 구축방안 수립 / 113
1. 개요 ··············································································································115
2. 주요국 Forest Atlas 사례 연구 ···································································116
가. 주요국 Forest Atlas 사례분석 ············································································116
(1) 보고서 형식 ·····································································································116
(2) 온라인 지도 ·····································································································117
(3) 주요 콘텐츠 ·····································································································118
나. 시사점 ·················································································································119
3. 남북한 통합 산림정보 수집 및 조사 ······························································120
가. 한반도의 과거 산림 및 산림환경 관련 문헌조사 ··················································120
(1) 조사 대상 ·········································································································120
(2) 자료 수집 과정 ·································································································120
(3) 조사 결과 ·········································································································121
나. 북한의 기초 통계자료 및 공간정보 수집 ······························································126
(1) 행정구역 ··········································································································127
(2) 자연환경 ··········································································································128
(3) 사회간접자본(SOC) ·························································································129
4. 한반도 Forest Atlas 구축 방안 ···································································132
가. 한반도 Forest Atlas 개요 ···················································································132
나. 한반도 Forest Atlas 구축을 위한 데이터 수집 및 시각화 ···································132
(1) 한반도 Forest Atlas 구상안 ···········································································132
(2) 한반도 Forest Atlas 데이터 수집 및 시각화 ···················································133
5. 소결 ··············································································································136
Ⅵ. 결 론 / 137
Ⅶ. 참고문헌 / 141