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자료유형 : 연구보고[원문]
서명 / 저자 : 안전사고 저감을 위한 산림작업 개선에 관한 연구 / 조구현, 이은재, 백승안, 유리화
개인저자 : 조구현
이은재
백승안
유리화
발행사항 : 서울 : 국립산림과학원, 2020.
형태사항 : >118p. : 도표 ; 26 cm
총서사항 : 연구보고 ; 20-14
ISBN : 9791160193817
청구기호 : 634.9072 오73 20-14
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제1장 서론 ············································································································11
제2장 안전사고 사례조사를 통한 잠재위험도 저감 분석 ···································15
1. 안전사고 사례조사를 통한 원인 구명 ···································································17
가. 안전사고 사례조사 ························································································17
1) 임업분야 재해율 ·························································································17
2) 사업종별 임업재해 발생현황 ·······································································18
3) 사업주체별 임업재해 발생현황 ····································································18
4) 발생형태에 따른 영향 인자분석 ···································································19
나. 임업재해 유발 요인 및 유형 분석 ···································································21
1) 인적요인 ····································································································23
2) 물적·작업요인 ····························································································24
3) 관리요인 ····································································································25
2. 리스크 매트릭스를 활용한 임업재해 위험성 분석 ·················································26
가. 위험성 추정 및 관리 전략 ··············································································26
나. 4E를 이용한 위험성 저감 방안 ······································································29
1) 교육적(Education) 대책 ············································································29
2) 규제적(Enforcement) 대책 ·······································································29
3) 기술적(Engineering) 대책 ·········································································29
4) 환경적(Environment) 대책 ·······································································30
3. 임업 사고 발생 시 응급대응 체계의 문제점 분석 및 개선 방안 ······························30
가. 임업현장 안전 작업을 위한 체크리스트 ··························································32
나. 임업사고 응급상황별 응급처치 ······································································32
다. 임업 관련 응급환자 발생 시 필요한 장비 ························································33
1) 응급 배낭 ···································································································33
2) 응급 배낭의 구성 ························································································34
라. 응급대응체계 개선 방안 ················································································34
1) 임업 응급처치교육 커리큘럼 및 응급처치키트 개발 ·····································34
2) 산림사업 응급상황별 응급처치 매뉴얼 개발 ·················································37
마. 스마트 응급처치 기술 개발 ············································································37
제3장 산림작업원의 작업환경 분석 ·····································································41
1. 조사지 및 작업원 ································································································43
가. 조사대상지 ····································································································43
나. 작업종별 작업원 ····························································································44
2. 분석방법 ·············································································································46
가. 심박수 ··········································································································46
1) 작업강도 ····································································································46
나. 호흡가스 ·······································································································46
1) 에너지 소비량 ····························································································46
2) 필요한 휴식시간 ·························································································47
다. 작업자세 ·······································································································47
3. 분석결과 ·············································································································49
가. 심박수 분석 결과 ···························································································49
1) 심박수 측정 ································································································49
2) 심박수 측정에 따른 작업강도 ······································································49
나. 호흡가스 분석 결과 ·······················································································50
1) 호흡가스 측정 ····························································································50
2) 호흡가스에 의한 에너지소비량 ····································································53
다. 작업자세 분석 결과 ·······················································································53
1) 작업자세의 분류 ·························································································53
2) 작업자세가 근골격계에 미치는 영향 ····························································54
제4장 산림작업원의 안전교육과정 개선 ······························································57
1. 국외 산림작업원 안전교육과정 운영사례 ·····························································59
가. 일본 임업·목재제조업 노동재해 방지협회 ······················································59
1) 안전위생교육 ······························································································59
나. 북미지역의 산림작업원의 훈련과 교육과정 훈련사례 ······································61
1) 미국의 산림작업 훈련 및 안전교육 ······························································62
2) 캐나다의 산림작업 훈련 및 안전교육 사례 ···················································63
다. 영국의 산림작업 훈련 및 안전교육 사례 ·························································64
라. 호주의 산림작업 훈련 및 안전교육 사례 ·························································67
2. 국내 산림작업원 안전교육과정 운영사례 및 개선 방안 마련 ·································67
가. 임업기계훈련원의 교육과정 ···········································································67
1) 임업기계훈련원교육과정 ‘안전’ 관련 교과목 ···············································67
2) 산림작업원의 안전교육 실태 및 교육요구도 조사 ·········································69
3) 산림작업원의 안전의식 및 안전실태 ····························································70
4) 산림작업원 활동기간 중 부상 경험 ······························································72
5) 산림작업의 안전사고 예방 가능성 ·······························································73
6) 안전교육의 교육이수 현황 ··········································································74
7) 산림작업원의 안전교육 요구도 ····································································76
나. 산림작업 안전교육의 개선방향 ······································································76
1) 교과과정 중 적정 안전교육의 시수 산정 ······················································76
2) 교과과정별 맞춤형 안전교육 내용 개발 ·······················································76
3) 교육방법 개선 ····························································································76
다. 산림작업원 안전교육과정의 개선방안 ····························································77
1) 산림작업원 안전교육 관련 교육과정 시수, 내용, 방법 분석 ··························77
2) 작업·직무 유형별 안전교육 필요도 및 요구도 분석 ······································83
3) 안전교육과정 내용 및 운영 개선방안 ···························································83
제5장 결론 ············································································································91